A study done by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention concluded that 64.7 million Americans have mild, moderate, or severe periodontal disease. Periodontal translates directly to "around teeth". This means that this disease affects the areas around your teeth, such as your gums and jaw bone.
The causes of periodontal disease can range from poor oral care to genetic risk factors. Thankfully, periodontal disease can be treated by your cosmetic dentist using a variety of treatment methods. Three of these treatment methods will be discussed here.
As part of periodontal disease, you may have a recession of your gums. This is often due to a bacterial infection that causes your gums to become inflamed and damages them. The more your gums recede, the more your tooth root, and even bone, becomes exposed.
This can cause further damage to your tooth, and bone, which is something you want to avoid. Thankfully, receding gums can be fixed by gum grafting.
Gum grafting involves take gum tissue from your palate, or some other donor source, and grafting it onto the gums that are receding. This effectively covers the root and jaw bone, reducing the risk for more deterioration and also decreasing any pain or sensitivity that used to be felt in this area.
Bone Grafting And Regeneration
Another treatment option for periodontal disease is bone grafting and regeneration. When you have periodontal disease, the bones of your jaws can be negatively affected. This is often in direct relationship to your receding gums because it exposes the bones.
This then causes the bones to deteriorate along with the gums. In order to help rebuild these bones, a regeneration and bone grafting procedure is performed.
Regeneration is done using a few different methods the help to regenerate growth of the jaw bones. A very common and effective way to do this is to use bone grafting.
Once the damaged bone accepts the graft, the bones can then regenerate and form solid bones once again. Membranes and tissue-stimulating proteins may also be used to help regenerate bone, in conjunction with the bone grafts.
Microscope Enhanced Gum Therapy
A non-surgical way to treat periodontal disease is using microscope enhanced gum therapy or MEGT. MEGT involves the use of a microscope to clean the areas affected by periodontal disease below the gum line. This effectively cleans out periodontal pockets that potentially contain infection.
It is also great at removing tarter, bacterial biofilm, and scar tissues that contain bacteria. It also place antibiotics in the areas beneath the gum line, such as the periodontal pockets, helping to treat inflammation and disease. This procedure can also help to begin the bone regeneration process, which is crucial in the treatment of periodontal disease.
The use of the microscope allows for more accurate precision when it comes to treating periodontal disease. It also allows your cosmetic dentist to get up to 6 mm deep into periodontal pockets, where a lot of the infection lies.
This can generally lead to better results for those who don't want to undergo surgical procedures, or who would like to try a non-surgical procedure first.
Periodontal disease can be treated successfully by a variety of treatments that cosmetic dentists offer. These treatments include gum grafts to help rebuild your gums, bone grafting and regeneration to help rebuild your jaw bones and encourage them to regenerate new bone tissue on their own, and microscope enhanced gum therapy to non-surgically clean the areas under your gums and also help with the regeneration of bone.
To find out more about periodontal disease and how to treat it, visit us here.